Mustafa Abd Al Hakeem Abu Jarad

Some of you may have read my earlier report on Mustafah’s death, it was written immediately after speaking to his family while they were still at Shifa Hospital hoping for a miracle after his surgery. Later we were told the full story of what happened by his friends who were with him and I have corrected the information in this account.

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Today 20 year old Mustafa Abd Al Hakeem Abu Jarad, was hunting birds with a small group of his friends North of Beit Lahia in the North of the Gaza Strip. He made the fatal mistake of thinking that as he was 1km from the border and, he thought, out of sight of it he would be safe to take his air rifle instead of using a small net as is more normal in Gaza. He was shot through the head by a single sniper shot fired from or near the Israeli watchtower on the border. He survived for long enough to be taken to Al Shifa hospital where he was operated on but there was no chance that he would survive, the bullet had entered through his forehead and exited through the back of his head causing severe brain injury.

We spoke to his family as they waited for news at the ICU and they told us that as the family did not have their own farm Mustafa worked as a farm labourer while he finished his schooling. They thought that he was working on a farm that day with his friends as he usually was when he was shot. He had been around 1 km away from the border fence when Israeli soldiers had started to fire towards them.

His friends who were with him and were still in a state of shock about what had happened, corrected us later and told us that they had been hunting birds. They also told us that there had been one heavy, sustained burst of gunfire and when it finished and they stood up they discovered that Mustafa was still on the ground with a severe head wound, shot through the center of his forehead with a huge exit wound at the back of his head. They did confirm that they were 1km from the border and that they thought they were out of sight of the border watch tower and would therefore be safe.

Mustafa was taken straight to Kamal Adwan Hospital from where he was transferred to Shifa Hospital when they realized the seriousness of his injury. At Shifa he was operated on in order to stop the bleeding and remove bone fragments from what was left of his brain but the doctors already knew that his injuries were to severe and that he was unlikely to survive for long. He died at around 7.30 this evening. We were taken into the ICU to see him and speak to the doctor who had treated him so can confirm his injury.

2 and a half months ago Mustafa’s older brother Loay was also killed, he was in his late twenties. Loay was in the resistance when he was killed but Mustafa was not involved in any way with the resistance, this everyone was adamant about, he wanted to finish his schooling and go on to study more. He was simply out with his friends taking advantage of a day when there was no farm work to be done to indulge in some bird hunting not anywhere close to the border fence.

By Theresa in Gaza

Photo courtesy of http://desde-palestina.blogspot.co.uk/

 

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Anouar Al Mamluk

This account of Anouar’s death has been updated after visiting his family and speaking with his parents and brother.

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On 12th of January we visited the funeral of Anouar Al Mamluk aged 19 who was shot dead in the Buffer Zone on the 11th of January just East of Jabalya. He was on his own standing around 40 m from the border fence when he was shot in the abdomen, he was taken to hospital but was dead on arrival. He was a member of Fatah but not active with them, he wanted to be a lawyer and was in his 2nd year at University doing a law degree. His mother Faiza said that he wanted to get married and they had decided to allow him to marry in the summer, Anouar had asked his brother to organize his wedding party for him. Faiza told us that on Fridays after Mosque Anouar usually went straight out with his friends to play football which was one thing he loved to do, on this particular Friday he had come home first in order to eat with his family. His father had wanted him to stay in and study as he had an exam the following day but he and his friends had planned to go and find a field suitable for football on some of the land which they thought was now accessable due to the cease fire so he went out. They knew the area close to the cemetry so went there to find their football pitch. Why he strayed off closer to the fence than the rest of his friends nobody knows but while they stayed at the 100 m line he went another 60 m further on and was standing still looking towards the fence when he was shot in the abdomen. He was alive when they took him in the ambulance to hopital but had died by the time he reached the hospital.

Faiza is the third wife of Mohammed, Anouar’s father so for most of the time she and Anouar were the only ones who lived in her house, his brothers had all married and already left home. His two favourite things were playing football and eating the sweets she made so she had mad a big batch of sweets for him to eat with his friends when he came home after football the day he died. She said that the house was so empty now, Anouar had been so lively, always chatting to her and joking. His friends all used to come round to sit in their living room to laugh with him and have fun. They had brought her a big picture of him to put in the living room and the previous day during the power cut she saw it and for a moment had thought that he had come back.

This is not the first time that members of their family had been shot. His brother told us that in 2004 the resistance had bombed a tank near by killing 4 soldiers. The Israeli’s had gone crazy, killing 25 people that day, bombing everything and destroying houses and land. Anouars brother had been shot that day but survived although one of his friends had been killed. When his father who is now in his 80’s was only 8 years old, he and his friends had been playing near to the railway tracks during the British Mandate Occupation when he had been shot by British who had shot at them for being too near to the railway. This was very uncomfortable for the British members of our group to hear, myself included, we could only mumble the appologies we always have to make when we hear stories of those dark days.

Omar Ismail Awadi

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We also visited the house of Omar Ismail Awadi who is 21 years old and was injured in both legs by shrapnel from an exploding bullet when they went to try to help Anouar. He told us the whole story of what happened. Omar is not a member of any political or resistance faction.

Omar told us that he and a friend had gone to the cemetry on Friday to visit some graves when they saw some of his other friends nearby about 100m from the fence and they had gone to chat with them. They could see Anouar on his own around 60m closer to the fence. 4 Israeli Army jeeps drew up on the other side of the fence, around 12 soldiers got out and started firing tear gas and bullets. He and his friends had started to run away but when Anouar was shot they went to try to help him, it was then that a bullet hit the ground in front of him and exploded, spraying his legs with shrapnel. His friends managed to carry both him and Anouar back to where a doctor could get to them and they were both taken to hospital, Anouar was discovered to be dead on arrival, Omar was treated for shrapnel wounds to both ankles and above the left knee, he has to return in one week in order to be seen by an Osteologist as he has a small piece of shrapnel embeded in the bone of his ankle.

The Israeli’s claim they suspected that they were going to damage the fence as they were at the fence, when we asked Omar about this he insisted that they were around 100m away from it when the Israeli’s started to fire and from his reaction to the suggestion that they were closer I believe him. He said that they had only gone closer when they went to pick up Anouar after he had already been shot but they were still 40 m away, not near enough to do damage.

Omar said that he is very scared after this incident, he couldn’t sleep last night because of thinking about what happened and he wishes that Israel would stop these crimes. His father Ismail is very worried and does not want him to go back to the cemetary or anywhere near the fence.

5 years ago, before cast Lead, Omar’s younger brother Mohammed was injured during an Israeli attack on Jabalya Camp, he was 13 at the time and was so badly injured that he had to be sent to Egypt for treatment, he was there for 4 months before being able to return. Mohammed has now recovered but his left hand was badly damaged, he is very artistic and part of his therapy was to encourage his drawing, there are examples of his drawing and other artwork in their house. There are 3 sons and 6 daughters in the Awadi family, 2 of the sons have now been injured by Israeli aggression even though no one in the family are involved with the resistance.

Ismail is a civil servant in the Ministry of the Interior, he is not politicaly active, he has a desk job. He says that he had hoped that the Israelis would honour the cease fire agreement even though he didn’t really believe they would, he says “we do not have peace”.

By Theresa in Gaza

 

Visits to Families

 

Before I start to tell these accounts I need to say something about the current weather conditions here. It is very cold, there have been continuous very strong winds and heavy rain with absolutely torrential bursts. The ground is saturated and very muddy, many places are flooded. In our comparitively luxurious appartment which has continuous power because it is the building that Save the Children use and therefore has a generator to provide power when the power cuts happen, we are huddled round a heater wearing coats all day because we are so cold. What it’s like for families living in desperate conditions with no genrator so having power cuts for much of the day, 8 hours a day, sometimes more due to power rationing, I can’t imagine.

The Abu Said Family, Johr El Dyk near Gaza City

This is a beautiful farming area just outside Gaza City, the fields are fertile and the farms all look quite prosperous. Naser Abu Said the father of the family told us their story. He said that 3 years ago in spite of the fact that their house was only 300 m from the Israeli security fence on the border their life was good, they felt fairly secure as they had not been attacked in Operation Cast Lead so assumed that the Israelis knew that they were just a farming family living there with no connections to political parties. They were used to bombing all around their area but didn’t think that they were going to be targeted. On the 13th of July 2010 this changed, they were all sitting round drinking tea when the Israelis mounted an incursion, the army arrived with tanks and soldiers. At first the tanks shelled around their house injuring his younger sister, as they changed to using the heavy caliber machine guns his wife realized that one of their children was still outside and went to bring him inside to safety. While she was outside they again shelled around the house using flechette shells killing his wife and injuring his father, their child managed to run to safety inside the house. For 3 hours they were stuck inside the house unable to reach their injured family members before the Israelis eventually allowed them to go out to attend to the injured and bury his wife.

From then until 28th April 2011 they continued to live in their damaged home, but on that day the Israelis came back, everyone was inside the house when they opened fire on the house hitting it directly, injuring 3 of his children and destroying the house. It took an hour this time, calling frantically to the Red Cross and other people before the Israelis allowed them to leave and take the injured children to hospital.

Now the house is partly repaired with a couple of rooms usable but his children are too afraid to return to it so his parents and sister are living there in very difficult conditions. He is building a new house around 500m further away from the fence. This has been started but he does not have enough money to carry on the work so he, his new wife and 6 children are all living in 3 small tents with electricity for half of the day brought by wires from the town and the few posessions they salvaged inside the tents. This is incredibly hard in the summer but just now during the Winter it must be almost impossible, this last month there has been extremely heavy rain and gale force winds, it’s extremely cold. All around the house and tents there is water and the ground has been turned to mud, the tents do not keep out all of the rain so it’s very hard to keep dry and warm and using the electricity is dangerous

The Tafesh Family and their Neighbours, Al Zaytoun, Gaza City

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The Al Zaytoun area of Gaza City is part of the old city, the area these families live in a very poor residential part of this area. The houses are only one storey high with small rooms and covered with corrugated iron. The narrow lanes going through them have turned to thick mud with the heavy rain and it is a 2 km walk for the children to get to school from here each day.

On the 15th of November 2012 at around 11am an F16 dropped 3 bombs onto waste ground near their houses. Although the houses themselves weren’t hit by these bombs the force of the explosion caused the corrugated iron roofs to fall in and some of the walls to collapse. When they ran from the building to try to get help a rocket was fired from a drone at them, luckily this didn’t explode or many more injuries would have occured. 10 month old Haneen Tafesh was asleep on a matress in one of the rooms and was killed when the roof fell on her, Houda her 21 year old aunt sustained a back injury for which she was initially told she needed surgery but this was cancelled and she was told to take medication for 12 months after which her back will be reassessed to see if she needs the surgery after all. The medication she has been told she needs costs 80 shekels every 6 days which is a crippling amount for this poor family to pay, before Operation Pillar of Cloud Khaled, Haneens father, was working as a baker but now his job has gone so there is now no one in the family working.

More of the Tafesh extended family live next door, like their cousins and many of their nieghbours some of the walls of their house and their roof collapsed. By sheer luck the members of the family who were inside only recieved minor injuries.

So far like their other nieghbours neither of these families have received any help to repair their homes. Khaled went to the Ministry of Works after the attack in order to ask them for help and was told that someone would be out to see what they needed, so far no one has come. They have patched the houses up to the best of their ability with damaged corrugated iron and stretched whatever plastic sheets they could get their hands on over the broken walls but both homes are totally unsuitable for living in with many gaping holes in both the roofs and walls. Now with the terrible winter weather, water is puring through the roofs and the wind is making it extremely cold, it’s impossible to keep anything dry and both families have had to try to pick the room with least water for sleeping in. Whole families are trying to sleep in one room and they’re using gas cookers or open fires to try to keep warm but filling their houses with smoke and fumes. Although they have electricity for part of the day, the amount of water getting into their houses makes it very dangerous to use so for most of the time they are in darkness, relying on battery powered torches and lights.

One of the strange anomolies of Gaza is that the main refugee agency UNWRA is only mandated to help families who were first displaced in 1948. The many internally displaced families from years of occupation, house demolitions and repeated attack since 1948 have to fend for themselves. They receive little or no help and rely on the rest of their extended families for what help they can give. For the poor this is disasterous.

As we huddle round our heater in our appartment, which is undamaged, just not designed for cold weather, I wonder how they manage to survive at all.

The Abu Zour Family, Al Zaytoun, Gaza Cty

Nearby to where the Abu Zour Family lived in Zaytoun there used to be the Israeli settlement of Netserim. Hannad, the Grandmother, tells us of how their area suffered from many attacks from the settlers and there was a watchtower at the end of the road from which there was often gunfire into the street. At one time they were confined to their home for 4 days, during which time they were unable to leave, even to get food or water and they ran out of both. During Operation Cast Lead they witnessed a huge amount of destruction in the area around their home but were fortunate that time, their home was not hit.

However during Operation Pillar of Cloud, on the 19th of November, 26 members of the Abu Zour Family were inside their home sleeping when at approximately 2am the building next door to theirs was targeted and destroyed by an F16, their building was hit by 2 missiles from a drone. Within minutes of this attack while the family was trying to eacape from the building through the dense smoke they said they couldn’t see anything even though they used any lights they could find, their home was destroyed by another bomb from an F16. 3 members of the family were killed, Eyads wife Nisma Helmi Abu Zour aged 21, his son Mohammed Eyad Abu Zour aged 4 born during Cast Lead killed during Pillar of Cloud and his cousin Sahar Fadi Abu Zour aged 20. 4 children were severely injured and had to go to Egypt for treatment afterwards. Fouad aged 5 suffered severe head injuries and goes to hospital daily for treatment. Mahmoud a cousin aged 5, severe head injuries and was eventually sent to Tunis for 28 days for treatment, he still has to have the hole in his head checked and dressed every 2 days in hospital. Hadil Eyads daughter also had a head injury. Hannand a cousin aged 13 had injuries all over her body and was in a critical condition, she had to have 2 major surgeries in Egypt, thankfully she seems to be recovering well now. Fatima aged 14, Mahmouds sister sustained 2 bad fractures to her left leg, the only one who was able to be treated in Gaza but she still suffers pain and limps badly. Isra, the 19 year old wife of Eyads brother Mohammed recieved fractures to her spine and now can’t walk. Aahed Hamdi Al Qatati aged 34, from another family living in the same building was also killed in the same attack.

Eayd who is still obviously very shocked by what happened to his family told us about that night. He talked about how before the bomb Mohammed had come to his bed twice during the night because he couldn’t sleep and how he had settled him, how after the 1st missile strikes he had gone to lift him because he was obviously badly injured and how he had carried him, trying to get him to safety. Eyad also recieved an injury to his shoulder while he was trying to carry Mohammed away and the F16 blast happened, what he didn’t realize was that Mohammed was already dead. It wasn’t until he woke in hospital to hear people talking about ‘the father of the Martyr’, he asked who they were talking about and was told. His wife Nisma was killed when she wasn’t quick enough getting out of the building and was caught in the F16 bomb blast along with the rest of the injured children. He talks about how the children cry every night and ask where there mother is, he has to tell them that she’s in heaven.

When the children who had been sent to Egypt to recieve hospital treatment returned to begin with they were too frightened that Fouad would go into shock if he was told the truth about Mohammed, when he asked they told him that he was still at Shifa Hospital, Fouad carefully looked after toys waiting for him to return. Fouad has several major scars on his head and has obviously suffered some brain damage, we were told he couldn’t talk when he first returned but is now beginning to speak again. Hadil, his younger sister, had a less severe head injury but now refuses to leave the house to go as far as kindergarten as she is too afraid.

When asked what she would say to the outside world the grandmother Hannand said “We did nothing for the Israelis to punish us in this way. I have never seen bombs like this before, the Israelis said that they were targeting empty areas but where are the empty areas in Gaza? When I see injured Israeli children I am very sad, children should be kept out of war but they bomb the children in the Gaza Strip. I hope for peace for all.”

By Theresa in Gaza

Some photos courtesy of http://desde-palestina.blogspot.co.uk/

Visit to Never Stop Dreaming Childrens Center in Khan Younis and New Horizons Childrens Center in Nuseirat

Today we went with Dr Mona El Farra to visit the Never Stop Dreaming childrens center in Khan Younis and the New Horizons childrens center in Nuseirat. Both of these projects are excellent facillities which provide a safe space for the children of these areas to play and learn in an environment which is happy and supportive. They both cater for children between the ages of 6 and 14 and have separate areas for play with toys provided, reading or being read to for the younger children with libraries, art rooms and cultural education teaching the children folk dance and folklore. When I was in Gaza in 2008 we also visited the New Horizons Center and the children performed a play and danced traditional dances for us.

I was very impressed by the energy and enthusiasim within the centers with the children engrossed in their activities and happily playing drawing, painting and being read stories. They seem to be havens for them, coming to meet their friends and spending time there even though today must have been a particularly difficult journey in with strong winds sweeping Gaza and heavy rain for much of the day. The children have to walk in from the surrounding area and when I was walking to our meeting place today I had to struggle against the wind with sand being driven by the wind into my face making it a cold and uncomfortable walk. Nobody was out today unless they had to be with the streets empty but many children had made their way to the centers and the volunteers who run them were all there. We had considered not making the journey due to the difficult conditions but were extremely pleased that we did.

Both of these centers are run mainly by volunteers and the obvious care and commitment by these adults is tremendous, they are working hard to give the children a happy and positive experience with very little facilities. They are also careful to have no political overtones within the centers, allowing the children to simply be children without the cares and worries of the outside world. Sheffield PSC are the main supporter of the Never Stop Dreaming Center and a contributor to the New Horizons Center, fundraising hard to provide the toys and books for the children to use. You can see pictures of the centers on the Sheffield PSC website.

By Theresa in Gaza

Visit to Al Jazeera Sports Club

On Saturday the 1st of December 2012 I visited the Al Jazeera Sports Club in Gaza City in order to meet with the disabled athletes who took part in this years London Paralympics. I was dismayed to find that their indoor facilities had been completely destroyed by 2 bombs dropped by an Israeli F16 at approximately 1am on the 19th of November in the final days of Operation Pillar of Cloud. None of the sports and medical support equipment in their gym/training facility is salvagable and the building sustained such heavy damage that it will have to be demolished. Fortunately nobody was killed or injured in the bombing as it happened at night but it was the only facility for disabled sports people in Gaza with 120 disabled members amongst the 400 people who used the facility.

As well as the disabled Al jazeera Club catered for all sections of the community but was also the only sports facility for women and girls with it’s own womens football team amongst other activities. It catered for all ages and the 20-25 staff and trainers tried to give a sense of worth, direction and hope to the most vulnerable in Gaza society for whom life prospects can be extremely bleak. It had achieved impressive success in competative disabled sports with Moemen Al Masry winning Gold in the Javelin event at the last Asian Games and sending 2 competitors Khamis Zaqout, a wheelchair athlete, competing in Discus, Javelin and Shot Put and Mohammed Fannouna who is partially sighted competing in the Long Jump at the London Paralympics. This year no medals but Mohammed won Bronze in 2004.

The training hall was located on the first floor of a building, below it was a Bank which according to the IDF (Israeli Defense Force) made it a legitimate target as it was engaged in handeling the finances of an organization believed to be an enemy. It is extremely difficult for me to accept this logic, these banks are used to fund civil administration by the elected Hamas Government and if it were followed to it’s conclusion that would make banks such as The Bank of England, Royal Bank of Scotland and Bank of Scotland in Britain and The World Trade Centre which housed many such Banks in the USA legitimate targets for those who are at war with our contries and this I can’t accept.

By Theresa in Gaza

Why did Israel kill Jabari?

Report taken from Haaretz 4/12/2012 By Reuven Pedatzur

The real story behind Operation Pillar of Defense in Gaza has not yet been investigated, but now that the explosions have stopped, we are obligated to delve into the truth. The decision to kill Hamas military chief Ahmed Jabari, which was the opening shot of the operation, was made even though he was involved in negotiations on signing a long-term cease-fire agreement.

A few hours before he was assassinated, he had received a draft of an agreement for a permanent cease-fire with Israel, and he was apparently expected to reply to it affirmatively. The indirect contacts with Jabari had taken place over the course of months via Hamas’ deputy foreign minister, Ghazi Hamad, with the knowledge and consent of Defense Minister Ehud Barak.

These contacts with Hamas were conducted by Gershon Baskin, who served as an intermediary in the deal for the return of kidnapped soldier Gilad Shalit. Baskin had reported his progress toward a draft agreement to the members of a special committee appointed by Barak back in May, a panel that also included representatives of other government ministries.

In other words, our decision makers, including the defense minister and perhaps also Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, knew about Jabari’s role in advancing a permanent cease-fire agreement. Jabari was the strongman of the Gaza Strip – Israel’s “subcontractor,” as Haaretz editor-in-chief Aluf Benn characterized him – so Hamad submitted each draft prepared with Baskin to Jabari for approval.

Also party to the negotiations on a permanent cease-fire were Egyptian intelligence officials. Some of the meetings between Baskin and Hamad took place in Cairo. These Egyptian intelligence officials were in constant contact with Barak’s envoys, so one would assume that in addition to Baskin, they too were informing Israel of their impressions of the progress in the talks on a draft agreement.

At no point in the negotiations between Baskin and Hamad was the former ever told to stop.
Moreover, about a week before Jabari’s assassination, Israeli military officials asked permission from their commanders to meet with Baskin and get a briefing. This permission was denied.
Thus the decision to kill Jabari shows that our decision makers decided a cease-fire would be undesirable for Israel at this time, and that attacking Hamas would be preferable. It seems a view had developed that Israel needed to strengthen its deterrence against Hamas rather than reach agreement with it on a period of calm. In the view of the defense establishment and the prime and defense ministers’ bureaus, a cease-fire agreement might have undermined Israel’s deterrence and weakened its image of resolve. Bolstering its deterrence, in this view, would be achieved by killing Jabari, who was liable to respond affirmatively to the offer of a long-term cease-fire.

In this way, Israel’s leaders killed three birds with one stone: They assassinated the man who had the power to make a deal with Israel; they took revenge on someone who had caused more than a few Israeli casualties; and they signaled to Hamas that communications with it will be conducted only through military force.

Quite aside from the fact that the results of Operation Pillar of Defense didn’t meet the expectations of those who launched it, the decision makers must answer one important question: If they knew it was possible to reach a cease-fire agreement (whose provisions, incidentally, were better than those of the agreement reached after the operation ) without going to war, why did they assassinate Jabari, and thereby also assassinate the chances of achieving calm without shooting? Is it possible, heaven forbid, that Barak and Netanyahu feared the opportunity to conduct a military operation at the end of their government’s term would elude them, and that’s why they ordered Jabari’s liquidation?

To keep us from suspecting their motives, the prime minister and defense minister must explain their considerations and decisions in the Jabari affair.